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  2012年福建高考英语试卷 【字体:  

2012年福建高考英语试卷

  时间:2012-11-10 10:35:46   阅读次数:4328


◆2012年福建高考英语试卷
福建省2012年高考英语试卷答案及解析

第I卷(选择题共15分)
第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位罝。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £19.15.                   B. £9.15.                      C. £9.18.
答案:B
1. Where does this conversation probably take place?
A. In a bookstore.         B. In a classroom.          C. In a library.
2. At what time will the film begin?
A. 7 : 20.                 B. 7 : 15.                  C. 7 : 00.
3- What are the two speakers mainly talking about?
A. Their friend Jane.      B. A weekend trip.         C. A radio programme.
4.    What will the woman probably do?
A. Catch a train.            B. See the man off.        C. Co shopping.
5.    Why did the woman apologize?
A. She made a late delivery.                              B. She went to the wrong place.  
C. She couldn't take the cake back.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话。毎段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的做答时间。每段对话读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6.Whose CD is broken?
A. Kathy's.                    B. Mum's.                     C. Jack's.
7.What does the boy promise to do for the girl?
A. Buy her a new CD.    B. Do some cleaning.     C. Give her 10 dollars.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8.What did the man think of the meal?
A. Just so-so.                           B. Quite satisfactory.   C. A bit disappointing.
9.What was the 15% on the bill paid for?
A. The food.                            B. The drinks.       C. The service.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10.Why is the man at the shop?
A. To order a camera for his wife. B. To have a camera repaired.
C. To get a camera changed.
11.What colour does the man want?
A. Pink.    B. Black.   C. Orange
12.What will the man do afterwards?
A. Make a phone call. B. wait until further notice.  C. Come again the next day.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.What would Jce probably do during the Thanksgiving holiday?
A. Go to a play.     B. Stay at home.   C.   Visit Kingston.
14.What is Ariel going to do in Toronto?
A. Attend a party.   B. Meet her aunt.  C.    See a car show.
15.Why is Ariel in a hurry to leave?
A. To call up Betty.       B. To buy some DVDs.  C.  To pick up Daniel.
16.What might be the relationship betwee
A. Classmates.       B. Fellow workers.    C.     Guide and tourist.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17.Where does Thomas Manning work?
A. In the Guinness Company. B. At a radio station.  C.     In a museum.
18.Where did the idea of a book of records come from?
A. A bird-shooting trip.  B. A visit to Europe.   C.    A television talk show.
19.When did Sir Hugh's first book of records appear?
A. In 1875.     B. In 1950.   C.   In 1955.
20.What are the two speakers going to talk about next?
A. More records of unusual facts.
B. The founder of the company.
C. The oldest person in the world.
1-10 CABCA    CBBCC
11-15 ABBAC   BAACA
第二部分:英语知识运用
第一节:单项填空
21.—What are you going to do this weekend?
--        . If time permits, I may go to Shanghai with my friends.
A. Don’t mention it B. It doesn’t matter C. Forget it     D. It depends
22.   Have you figured out how much the trip will cost?
$4,000, or    like that.
A. anything   B. everything   C. something   D. nothing
23. The air quality in the city, ________is shown in the report, has improved over the past two months.
A. that   B. it       C. as     D. what
24. When did the computer crash?
This morning, while I    the reading materials downloaded from some websites.
A. have sorted      B. was sorting       C. am sorting     D. had sorted
25. Why do you choose to work in an international travel agency?
Well, you know, English is my      . So it is my best choice.
A. strength    B. talent C. ability       D.' skill
27. Anyone, whether he is an official or a bus driver, should be     respected.
A. especially  B. equally       C. naturally         . D. normally
28. China recently tightened its waters controls near the Huangyan Island to prevent Chinese fishing boats from        in the South China Sea.
A. attacking     B. having attacked   C. being attacked   D. having been attacked
29. You had better________ some time every day for sports so that you can keep yourself energetic.
A. set aside  B. take up      C. put away  D. give out
30. It is hard for the Greek government to get over the present difficulties_________ gets more financial support from the European Union.
A. if       B. unless C. because  D. since
31. We lost our way in that small village, otherwise we________  more places of interest yesterday.
A. visited       B. had visited       C. would visit   D. would have visited
32.   — Can you lend me the book Gone with the Wind? ks5u
       — Sorry. I returned it to the library just now. Maybe it is still ____.
       A. available                         B. affordable                C. acceptable         D. valuable
33. Nothing is so easy as      parents raise their expectations of their children too high.
A. of       B. to           C. by           D. for
34. Pressed from his parents, and ______that he has wasted too much time , the boy is determined to stop playing video games.
A. realizing    B. realized   C.  to realize   D. being realized
35. We promise       attends the party a chance to have a photo taken with the movie star.
A. who   B. whom     C. whoever    D. whomever
第二节:完形填空
第二节完形填空(20小题;每小题1.5,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
     I often read of incidents of misunderstanding or conflict. I ’m left  36  . Why do these people create mistrust and problems, especially with those from other  37
I was growing up in Kuala Lumpur in the early 1960s, 38  children from different races and religions played and studied  39  in harmony. At that time my family lived a stone s 40 from Ismail’s. And no one was bothered that Ismail was a Malay Muslim and Iwas an Indian Hindu——we just  41 our differences. Perhaps, our elders had not filled our heads with unnecessary advice,well  42   or otherwise.
We were nine when we became friends. During the school holidays, we'd   43   the countryside on our bicycles, hoping to   44  the unexpected. At times Ismail would accompany my family as we made a rare shopping trip to town. We would be glad of his 45 .
     When I was twelve, my family moved to Johor. Ismail s family later returned to their village, and I   46    touch with him.
     One spring afternoon in 1983, I stopped a taxi in Kuala Lumpur. I   47   my destination. The driver acknowledged my    48  but did not move off. Instead, he looked 49   at me.  “Raddar?" he said, using my childhood nickname(绰号). I was astonished at being so  50  addressed (称呼). Unexpectedly! It was Ismail! Even after two 51 we still recognized each other. Grasping his shoulder, I felt a true affection, something 52  to describe.
      If we can allow our children to be  53  without prejudice, they'll build friendships with people, regardless of race or religion, who will be 54  their side through' thick and thin. On such friendships are societies built and 55 we can truly be, as William Shakespeare once wrote, 44we happy few, we band of brothers".
36.A. interested     B. pleased       C. puzzled        D. excited
37.A. parties       B. cities         C. villages         D. races
38.A. why         B. which         C. how           D. when
39.A. together     B. around        C. alone           D. apart
40.A. drop        B. throw         C. move           D. roll
41.A. refused      B. made          C. sought          D. accepted
42.A. paid         B. meant         C. preserved       D. treated
43.A. explore      B. search         C. discover         D. desert
44.A. get through   B. deal with      C. come across      D. take away
45.A. arrival       B. choice         C. effort           D. company
46.A. lost        B. gained         C.   developed          D. missed
47.A. stated       B. ordered        C. decided           D. chose
48.A. attempts     B. instructions     C. opinions          D. arrangements
49.A. anxiously    B. carelessly       C. disappointedly     D. fixedly
50.A.familiarly     B. strangely       C. fully              D. coldly
51.A.departures    B. months        C. years              D. decades
52.A.possible      B. funny          C.       hard           D. clear
53.A.them        B. themselves      C. us                 D. ourselves
54.A. from        B. by            C. with                D. against
55.A. still         B. otherwise      C.  then                D. instead
第三部分阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD),选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑
A
    Some people believe that a Robin Hood is at work, others that a wealthy person simply wants to distribute his or her fortune before dying. But the donator who started sending envelopes with cash to deserving causes,accompanied by an article from the local paper, has made a northern German city believe in fairytales (童话)•
    The first envelope was sent to a victim support group. It contained 10,000 with a cutting from the Braunschtveiger Zeitung about how the group supported a woman who was robbed of her handbag; similar plain white anonymous (匿名)envelopes, each containing 10,000, then arrived at a kindergarten and a church.
The envelopes keep coming, and so far at least 190,000 has been distributed.     Last month, one of them was sent to the newspaper ’s own office. It came after a story it published about Tom, a 14-year-old boy who was severely disabled in a swimming accident. The receptionist at the Braunschweiger Zeitung opened an anonymous white envelope to find 20 notes of 500 inside , with a copy of the article. The name of the family was underlined.
     "I was driving when I heard the news,” Claudia Neumann, the boy s mother, told DerSpiegel magazine. “I had to park on the side of the road; I was speechless. ”
     The money will be used to make the entrance to their house wheelchair-accessible .and for a course of treatment that their insurance company refused to pay for.
    “For someone to act so selflessly, for this to happen in such a society in which everyone thinks of himself, was astonishing," Mrs. Neumann said. Her family wonder whether the donator is a Robin Hood character, taking from banks to give to the needy.
      Henning Noske, the editor of the Braunschweiger Zeitung, said: “Maybe it is an old person who is about to die. We just do not know. ” However, he has told his reporters not to look for the city’s hero, for fear that discovery may stop the donations.
56. The Braunschweiger Zeitung is the name of                 .
A. a church           B. a bank               C. a newspaper         D. a magazine
57. Which of the following is TRUE about the donation to Tom?
A.The donation amounted to 190,000.
B.The donation was sent directly to his house.
C.The money will be used for his education.
D.His mother felt astonished at the donation.
58. It can be inferred from the passage that          .
A.the donator is a rich old man
B.the donation will continue to come
C.the donation comes from the newspaper
D.the donator will soon be found out
59. What would be the best title for the passage?
A.Money Is Raised by the Newspaper
B.Newspaper Distributes Money to
C.Unknown Hero Spreads Love in Envelopes
D.Robin Hood Returns to the City
B
    At exactly eleven Sir Percival knocked and entered, with anxiety and worry in every line of his face. This meeting would decide his future life,and he obviously knew it.
   "You may wonder, Sir Percival,’’ said Laura calmly, “if I am going to ask to be released (免除)from my promise to many you. I am not going to ask this. I respect my father's wishes too much.“
     His face relaxed a little, but one of his feet kept beating the carpet.
     "No, if we are going to withdraw.(退出)from our planned marriage, it will be because of your wish, not mine.
     “Mine?” he said in great surprise. “What reason could I have for withdrawing?
      "A reason that is very hard to tell you," she answered. "There is a change in me. ”
      His face went so pale that even his lips lost their color. He turned his head to one side.
       "What change?" he asked, trying to appear calm.
     “ When the promise was made two years ago, ” she said, 44 my love did not belong to anyone. Will you forgive me, Sir Percival, if I tell you that it now belongs to another person?”
       “I wish you to understand, “ Laura continued, “that I will never see this person again, and that if you leave me, you only allow mc to remain a single woman for the rest of my life. All I ask is that you forgive mc and keep my secret."
      ‘I will do both those things, “ he said. Then he looked at Laura, as if he was waiting to hear more.
      "I think I have said enough to give you reason to withdraw from our marriage, “ she added quietly.
      “ No. You have said enough to make it the dearest wish of my life to marry you, “ he said.
60. How did Percival feel during his meeting with Laura?
A. Angry.                  B. Calm.                C. Nervous.             D. Excited.
61. We can learn from the passage that            .
A.Laura had once promised to marry Percival
B.Laura's father wished to end her marriage
C.Percival had been married to Laura for two years
D.Percival asked to be released from the marriage
62. The passage is probably taken out of                   .
A. a novel              B. a report             C. a diary                D. an essay
C
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    “Well, I finally did it. I finally decided to enter the digital age and get a cell phone. My kids have been annoying me and the last straw was when my car broke down, and I was stuck by the highway for an hour before someone stopped to help. But when I went to the cell phone store, I almost changed my mind. The phones all have cameras, computers and a "global-positioning" something or other that's supposed to spot me from space. Goodness, all I want to do is to be able to talk to my grandkids ! The people at the store weren't much help. They couldn't understand why someone wouldn't want a phone the size of a postage stamp. And the rate plans! They were confusing, and expensive… and the'contract (合同)lasted for two years! I'd almost given up until a friend told me about her new Jitterbug phone. Now,I have the convenience and safety of being about to stay in touch with a phone I can actually use. ”
     Affordable plans that I can understandand no contract to sign (签订)! Unlike other cell phones,Jitterbug has plans that make sense. Why should I pay for minutes I m never going to use? And if I do talk more than I plan,I won ’t find myself with no minutes like my friend who has a prepaid phone. Best of all, there is no contract to sign_so I m not locked in for years at a time. The US-based customer service is second to none. And the phone gets service anywhere in the country.

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63. What made “I” finally think of getting a cell phone?
A.Being stuck by the highway.
B.Being urged by his grandkids.
C.Being persuaded by cell phone salespersons.
D.Being attracted by the friendly return policy.
64. On the monthly basis of 100 minutes, the Jitterbug weekly rate is about     .
A. $3.75              B. $4.99                C. $14.99            D. $19.99
65. An advantage of Jitterbug mentioned in the passage is                .
A.its discount price with a free gift
B.its reasonable rate plans without a contract
C.its M global-positioning" system with 911 access
D.its good customer service all over the world
66. The main purpose of the passage is to          .
A.tell a customer's story of Jitterbug   B.provide two ways to order Jitterbug
C.give a brief introduction of Jitterbug D.attract potential customers to Jitterbug;
D
     Do you know how it is when you see someone yawn and you start yawning too? Or how hard it is to be among people laughing and not laugh yourself? Well, apparently it's because we have mirror neurons (神经元)in our brains.
    Put simply, the existence of mirror neurons suggests that every time we see someone else do something, our brains imitate (模仿)it,whether or not we actually perform the same action. This explains a great deal about how we learn to smile, talk, walk, dance or play sports. But the idea goes further: mirror neurons not only appear to explain physical actions y they also tell us that there is a biological basis for the way we understand other people.
      Mirror neurons can undoubtedly be found all over our brains, but especially in the areas which relate to our ability to use languages, and to understand how other people feel. Researchers have found that mirror neurons relate strongly to language. A group of researchers discovered that if they gave people sentences to listen to ( for example :"The hand took hold of the ball" ) , the same mirror neurons were triggered as when the action was actually performed (in this example, actually taking hold of a ball).
       Any problems with mirror neurons may well result in problems with behavior. Much researeh suggests that people with social and behavioral problems have mirror neurons which are not fully functioning. However, it is not yet known exactly how these discoveries might help find treatments for social disorders.
      Research into mirror neurons seems to provide us with ever more information concerning how humans behave and interact(互动).Indeed, it may turn out to be the equivalent (相等物)for ncurosciencc of what Einstein's theory of relativity was for physics. And the next time you feel the urge to cough in the cinema when someone else does--well,perhaps you'll understand why.
67. Mirror neurons can explain               .
A.why we cry when we are hurt   B.why we cough when we suffer from a cold
C.why we smile when we see someone else smile
D.why we yawn when we see someone else stay up late
68. The underlined word "triggered" in the third paragraph probably means “   ’’•
A. set off             B. cut off               C. built up               D. broken up
69. We can learn from the passage that mirror neurons       .
A.relate to human behavior and interaction
B.control human physical actions and feelings
C.result in bad behavior and social disorders
D.determine our knowledge and language abilities
70. What is the passage mainly about?
A.Ways to find mirror neurons.     B.Problems of mirror neurons.
C.Existence of mirror neurons.     D.Functions of mirror neurons.
E
     Holidays are really important. Many of us will have childhood memories of summer holidays where we were taken away from home to experience new environments and learn in different ways.
     But holidays are expensive and, for those on low wages or living on benefits, they are often unobtainable. Even the cheapest holidays require travel and other additional costs that are difficult for many families to meet.
     For working parents, the long summer break can be a very difficult problem for childcare. When an annual leave allowance amounts to only five weeks, there is a need to spread this across the year. Couples can find themselves taking leave in turn in order to care for children who are on holiday. For some ’ this makes even an affordable family holiday difficult.
     The schools that I visit in Nottingham are full of experienced staff committed to giving our children a caring and inspiring learning environment. The number of children receiving free school meals is quite large in Nottingham and many schools have breakfast clubs to make sure that children get a healthy start to the day. Most schools undertake programs of group or individual educational support. Schools also have an important role in sofeguaiding children's welfare through the ongoing touch and support with their pupils. During the long summer holidays, much of this is missed.
      While teachers are holidaying in the UK, many of their pupils spend the whole six weeks on the street where they live. The lack of free school meals for six weeks can result in pressure on a family budget and an inability to afford the inspiring experiences that help children to continue their learning.
     In setting out its plans for a five-term year, Nottingham City Council (委员会)is seeking to reduce the summer holiday down lo four and a half weeks, with a more balanced five terms of roughly eight weeks, each followed by a two-week break. We believe this will give real “down time" for school staff and pupils alike but will be short enough not to cause a real break in learning.
     We acknowledge that this change may be difficult for some school staff, particularly whose own children are educated in other authorities. However, this must be weighed against the benefits for city children for whom we all have the greatest duty of care.
71. The passage is probably written by      .
A.an experienced teacher                   B. a working parent
C.an inspired student                        D. a city council member
72. The underlined word "they" in the second paragraph refers to "      ’.
A. environments   B. holidays             C. wages                 D. benefits
73. It is suggested in the passage that the summer break be reduced to      .
.A. 2 weeks             B. 4.5 weeks          C. 5 weeks               D. 6 weeks
74. The plans for a shorter summer holiday will help students_____  .
A.obtain the cheapest holidays without additional costs
B.get a chance to spend six weeks a term with teachers in school
C.benefit more from the caring and inspiring learning environment
D.have more school days to receive free school meals
75. It can be inferred from the passage that  _______.
A.working parents can enjoy a five-week break to care for their children
B.the suggested plans for a five-term school year can hardly be carried out
C.the long summer holiday gives teachers and students real "down time"
D.some school staff will say “ No" to the plans for a shorter summer holiday
II卷(非选择题共35分)
第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节短文填词(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
People often don’ t do what they really want to for fear         
of failure. You don't apply for a job      case you don't        76._______
get it. You don't perform at the school concert others        77._______
might laugh at you. A lack of confidence can 1    to a lot       78._______
of suffering. The key to o_ this problem is to believe in        79.________
yourself. This might be       (容易)said than done, but there     80.________
are many w___ to help you do this. Talk about your problem     81.________
with a friend or look _____  advice on the Internet. Imagine    82._______
yourself being___ (成功)and practice breathing techniques      83._______
to keep you calm when you get nervous. And the _ important    84._______
thing is : believe you can do it. When you’ve____ (学会)to do 85._______
that, you are well on your way.
答案:
第二节书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是某中学生英语报的小记者,以下漫画内容是你的所见所闻,谙根据要求写一篇英语短文投稿。
内容要求:
1.描述漫画内容;2.发表个人感想。
  
 
 
 
 
参考范文:
Mind Your Behavior in Public Places
Last Sunday, I went sightseeing with my friends in the Fairy Lake Park. The park was full of freshness and beauty of spring, with the sun shining and birds singing. When I was enjoying the fantastic scenery around, something unpleasant caught my eye. A young couple in a boat were eating, talking and laughing loudly as if they were the only people in the world. What’s worse, they spat and even threw rubbish into the lake, totally ignoring the noticeable sign,No Litteringnearby. What a shame!
  Such behavior left me deep in thought. If all visitors to the Fairy Lake do as the couple did, the lake will be severely polluted and soon turned into a huge dustbin. I think all of us should mind our behavior in public places. Only in this way can we live in more comfortable and beautiful surroundings.
 

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